In Subversion, we've tried to erase a lot of the confusion between the cvs status and cvs update commands.
The cvs status command has two purposes:
first, to show the user any local modifications in the working
copy, and second, to show the user which files are out-of-date.
Unfortunately, because of CVS's hard-to-read status output, many
CVS users don't take advantage of this command at all. Instead,
they've developed a habit of running cvs
update or cvs -n update to quickly
see their changes. If users forget to use
-n option, this has the side effect of
merging repository changes they may not be ready to deal
With Subversion, we've tried to remove this muddle by making the output of svn status easy to read for both humans and parsers. Also, svn update only prints information about files that are updated, not local modifications.
svn status prints all files that have local modifications. By default, the repository is not contacted. While this subcommand accepts a fair number of options, the following are the most commonly used ones:
Contact the repository to determine, and then display, out-of-dateness information.
Show all entries under version control.
Run non-recursively (do not descend into subdirectories).
The status command has two output formats. In the default “short” format, local modifications look like this:
$ svn status M foo.c M bar/baz.c
If you specify the
-u) switch, a longer output format is
$ svn status -u M 1047 foo.c * 1045 faces.html * bloo.png M 1050 bar/baz.c Status against revision: 1066
In this case, two new columns appear. The second column
contains an asterisk if the file or directory is out-of-date.
The third column shows the working-copy's revision number of the
item. In the example above, the asterisk indicates that
faces.html would be patched if we updated,
bloo.png is a newly added file in
the repository. (The absence of any revision number next to
bloo.png means that it doesn't yet exist in
the working copy.)
Lastly, here's a quick summary of the most common status codes that you may see:
A Resource is scheduled for Addition D Resource is scheduled for Deletion M Resource has local Modifications C Resource has Conflicts (changes have not been completely merged between the repository and working copy version) X Resource is eXternal to this working copy (may come from another repository). See the section called “
svn:externals” ? Resource is not under version control ! Resource is missing or incomplete (removed by another tool than Subversion)
For a more detailed discussion of svn status, see the section called “svn status”.
svn update updates your working copy, and only prints information about files that it updates.
Subversion has combined the CVS
U codes into just
a merge or conflict occurs, Subversion simply prints
C, rather than a
whole sentence about it.
For a more detailed discussion of svn update, see the section called “Update Your Working Copy”.